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Vital Signs: Progress Toward Eliminating HIV as a Global Public Health Threat Through Scale-Up of Antiretroviral Therapy and Health System Strengthening Supported by the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief — Worldwide, 2004–2022

Since 2004, PEPFAR has scaled up effective ART to approximately 20 million persons with HIV infection in 54 countries. To eliminate HIV as a global public health threat, achievements must be sustained and expanded to reach all subpopulations. CDC and PEPFAR remain committed to tackling HIV while strengthening public health systems and global health security.

To describe program impact, data were analyzed from all PEPFAR programs and from six countries that have conducted nationally representative Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (PHIA) surveys, including PEPFAR programmatic data on the number of persons with HIV infection receiving PEPFAR-supported ART (2004–2022), rates of viral load coverage (the proportion of eligible persons with HIV infection who received a viral load test) and viral load suppression (proportion of persons who received a viral load test with <1,000 HIV copies per mL of blood) (2015–2022), and population viral load suppression rates in six countries that had two PHIA surveys conducted during 2015–2021. To assess health system strengthening, data on workforce and laboratory systems were analyzed.

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